How to CHMOD directories with FileZilla
CHMOD is the unix/linux command used to change permissions on a file or folder. Permissions are expressed as a three digit number with a digit each for Owner, Group and World permissions respectively. But you don't really have to know all this to change permissions.
Setting the permissions on a file or folder is very easy:
- Open FileZilla and connect to your website.
- Once connected, double-click on public_html to view the contents of your web space. If your store is in a subdirectory, you'll need to do double-click that directory to get to the base folder of your store. (ie. /store/, /cart/, /shop/, etc.)
- Right-click on one of the directories or files in the folder and a popup menu will appear. On this menu choose "File permissions", at the bottom of the popup menu.
- A new popup will appear called "Change File Attributes".
- To change the permission value, you can either enter the three digit number required in the box called "Numeric Value", or select the appropriate check boxes. Above you will see that the Numeric Value is 755 which means that only your server space has access to the folder. For most directories the Numeric Value should always be 755 however on some files, such as a configuration file, the Numeric Value should be 644 which means that it cannot be changed or written to.
- Once you have entered the desired Numeric Value click on "OK".
If you wish to change the permissions to all files and directories within a selected directory, for example for the cache or images files and folders, you can select to "Recurse into subdirectories", choosing the additional option required.